In “Politics,” the book that founded the study of political science, Aristotle distinguished three basic forms of government: kingship, or rule by a single person; aristocracy, or rule by a minority; and democracy, rule by a majority. Each, Aristotle felt, had both advantages and liabilities. Rule by a single person concentrated authority and permitted rapid action, which might be essential in times of crisis. It also tempted abuse and limited access to the population ruled. Sufficiently abused, it led to what we would today call tyranny. Rule by a presumably enlightened minority widened the scope of discussion, while not unduly frustrating action, but tended to concentrate wealth and encourage self-interest at the expense of the common welfare. The downside here led to oligarchy, the selfish rule of a few. Majority rule made for, at best, popular consensus that conferred legitimacy on the actions and functions of government. But it also meant including the less educated, … [Read more...] about Government rule under one demagogue leads to tyranny
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President Donald Trump pressed his Ukrainian counterpart to investigate a political foe. U.S. President Donald Trump speaks at the Hispanic Heritage Month reception at the White House in Washington, U.S., September 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque Now, a central question for Democratic lawmakers moving with remarkable speed to impeach him is the extent to which Trump entangled both his office and the machinery of the U.S. government to spark investigations that would benefit him personally. The White House and Trump’s aides have already put much of that evidence on public display. During a telephone call in July, Trump urged Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to speak with his personal lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, who had been pursuing a globetrotting effort to find out whether Ukrainian officials improperly dropped an investigation of a company that had hired the son of former U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, one of the leading contenders to … [Read more...] about In pushing probe of rival, did Trump enlist the U.S. government?
JERUSALEM (Reuters) - Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will make a final effort this week to salvage a deal from talks to form a unity government with his centrist election rival, he said on Sunday. FILE PHOTO: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu delivers a statement to the media at the start of his Likud party faction meeting at the Knesset, Israel's parliament, in Jerusalem, September 23, 2019. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun/File Photo An inconclusive ballot on Sept. 17, the second this year, has created a political deadlock and left Israel’s longest-serving prime minister weakened. Netanyahu, facing a looming indictment on corruption allegations he denies, has failed to secure a clear election victory twice in six months. His right-wing Likud party came second with 32 seats in the 120-member parliament, against 33 for former military chief Benny Gantz’s centrist Blue and White party. With neither party leader appearing able on his own to put together … [Read more...] about Netanyahu to meet centrist rival in last-ditch bid to form unity government
DAKAR (Reuters) - Senegal President Macky Sall has pardoned one of his chief political rivals, the charismatic former mayor of Dakar, Khalifa Sall, who was jailed in 2018 on corruption charges. Khalifa Sall, who is no relation to the president, was arrested in March 2017 on suspicion of embezzling 1.8 billion CFA francs ($3 million) in public funds. Last year, he was sentenced to five years in jail. He was pardoned with two others, according to a statement from the Presidency on Sunday. Khalifa Sall’s lawyers confirmed the decision. “It’s a salutary decision since he was arbitrarily imprisoned, but the fight is not over. We want an amnesty,” said Khalifa Sall’s lawyer, Ousseynou Fall. With four largely peaceful transitions of power since independence from France in 1960, Senegal is seen as a beacon of democratic stability in a restive region. Yet the president’s political opponents saw Khalifa Sall’s imprisonment as a political hit job … [Read more...] about Senegal president pardons political rival Khalifa Sall
SYDNEY (Reuters) - Australian prosecutors need government permission before they can file charges against local journalists, Attorney General Christian Porter said on Monday. Australian police in June raided the head office of the government-funded Australian Broadcasting Corp (ABC) in Sydney and the home of a News Corp editor on suspicion of receiving national secrets. The raids, which involved police examination of about 9,000 computer files at the ABC, and sifting through the female News Corp editor’s underwear drawer, according to media reports, have drawn criticism from around the world. The British Broadcasting Corporation calling them “deeply troubling.” Porter said he told prosecutors the attorney general’s approval was needed before any prosecution. “This will allow the most detailed and cautious consideration of how an allegation of a serious offence should be balanced with our commitment to freedom of the press,” Porter said in an … [Read more...] about Australian government says prosecutors must seek approval before charging journalists